Vegetation and Wildlife

1. poppy — мак (считается символом мира в Великобритании)

2. red rose — алая роза (эмблема династии Ланкастеров, эмблема Англии)

3. daffodil — желтый нарцисс (вторая эмблема Уэльса)

4.leek — лук-порей (национальная эмблема Уэльса)

5.shamrock - трилистник (эмблема Ирландии)

6. clover — клевер

7. beech— бук

8. moor — вересковая пустошь, заросли вереска

9. heather — вереск (вечнозеленый кустарный с напоминающими колокольчик цветками; распространен в Шотландии)

10. Robin Redbreast — красногрудая малиновка (национальная птица Британии)

11. Blackpool — фешенебельный приморский курорт Великобритании, где часто проводятся конференции политических партии и профсоюзов

Flowers • Trees and Woods -Animals • Birds • Symbols and National Emblems - Threats to Wildlife

The humid and mild climate of Great Britain is good for plants and flowers. Some of them have become symbols Vegetation and Wildlife in the UK. Probably you know that the poppy is the symbol of peace, the red rose is the national emblem of England, and the thistle is the national emblem of Scotland and the Edinburgh International Festival. The daffodils and the leek are the emblems of Wales, the shamrock (a kind of clover) is the emblem of Ireland.

The UK was originally a land vast forests, mainly оаk and beech in the Lowlands and pine and birch in the Highlands, with great stretches of marshland and smaller areas of moors. In the course of time, much forest land was cleared Vegetation and Wildlife and almost all the Lowlands outside the industrial areas were put under cultivation. Today only about six per cent of the total land area remains wooded.

Extensive forests remain in eastern and northern Scotland and in southeastern and western England. Oak, elm, ash, and beech are the commonest trees in England, while Scotland has much pine and birch. The Highlands with thin soil are largely moorland with heather and grasses. In the cultivated areas that make up most of Britain there are many wild flowers, flowering plants and grasses.

The fauna or animal life of the UK is much like Vegetation and Wildlife that of northwestern Europe, to which it was once joined. Many larger mammals such as bear and wolf have been hunted to extinction, others are now protected by law. About 50 land mammals are still found in the UK. There are many foxes. Otters are common along rivers and streams, and seals live along parts of the coast. Hedgehogs, hares, rabbits, rats and mice are numerous. Deer live in some of the forests in the Highlands of Scotland and in England. There are several small lizards, two or three kinds of snakes, and several kinds of frogs and Vegetation and Wildlife toads.

You may think that there are crocodiles in the British Isles if you read that “... a traditional jazz band led the three-mile crocodile in a musical protest to 10 Downing Street”. But it is not a real crocodile. It is what the English usually say about schoolchildren walking in procession, two by two.

Some 230 kinds of birds live in the UK, another 200 are regular visitors, and many are songbirds. The most numerous are blackbird, sparrow and starling. Robin Redbreast is the national bird of the UK. The number of ducks, geese and other water fowl has diminished during recent Vegetation and Wildlife years. Partridges, pheasants and other large and rare birds are protected by law. Gulls and other sea birds nest near the coast.

There are many threats to wildlife and ecological balance around the coast. The biggest threat to the coastline is pollution. Even much-loved Blackpool is not officially safe. More than 3.500 million tons of industrial waste were pumped into the North Sea every year. “We cannot continue to use our seas as a dustbin and expect our coastline to survive”, says Greenpeace. Many other ecological problems may be cause by privatization of the coast.


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Документ Vegetation and Wildlife